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OTHER FORMS OF INSURANCE - MEANING - TYPES - ESSAY
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OTHER FORMS OF INSURANCE – MEANING – TYPES – ESSAY

OTHER FORMS OF INSURANCE

It consists of export credit insurance, state employees insurance, etc.

Auto Insurance

Full coverage is required for new cars or those under financing, although regulations vary by state. Auto insurance is designed to help to pay for repairs or replacement in the event of an accident. It may also cover medical costs for a driver or passengers, or even those tor individuals in another vehicle if the insured is deemed to be at fault. Auto insurance also covers a vehicle in the event of theft or other forms of damage depending on the chosen policy.

Disability Insurance

Disability insurance may protect the insured from financial ruin if he is injured or disabled and can no longer work. This type of insurance is meant to help with monthly fiving expenses and health care expenses not covered by a health insurance policy. Disability insurance is available in short- term and long-term policies. Short-term insurance pays for approximately 6 months. Long-term insurance starts at the end of 6 months and may last until a person reaches age 65. If an employee is covered through the employer, coverage may average between 60% and 70% of the employee’s current income.

Homeowner’s Insurance

Homeowner’s insurance helps to cover losses of a home or property due to fire, natural disaster, faulty electrical work, bad plumbing and more. If the insured have a mortgage, he will most likely be required to carry some form of homeowner’s insurance.

Long-Term Care Insurance

Long-term care protection is designed for those diagnosed with chronic illnesses and the elderly. It may help to provide for nursing home or at-home health care. Long-term care policies may also help to pay for adult day care services and assisted living facilities.

Miscellaneous or Liability Insurance

‘Miscellaneous Insurance’ refers to contracts of insurance other than these of Life, Fire and Marine insurance. This branch of insurance is of recent origin and it covers a variety of risks.

Personal Accident Insurance

This means insurance for individuals or groups of person against any personal accident or illness. In India this type of insurance is done by the General Insurance Corporation. The risk insured in personal accident insurance is the bodily injury resulting solely and directly from accident caused by violent, external and visible means. Under this policy the insurer pays the specified sum, if the insured sustains any bodily injury resulting solely and directly from accident caused by external violent and visible means.

Property Insurance

Property risks relate to burglary, house breaking, theft, crop insurance, etc. Any property, movable or immovable, present or future, vested or contingent can be insured from my losses by accidents other than fire and marine adventure. The most popular in this branch is burglary insurance.

Liability Insurance

Just as a person can insure himself against the risk of death and personal injury, or damage, determination or destruction of property, there can also be an insurance against the risk of incurring liability to third parties. The risk of liability arising out of the use of property comes under the category commonly called liability insurance”. It includes

Public Liability Insurance

That is, insurance against a liability imposed by law. For example, a house owner may obtain an insurance against his liability to invitees or licensees, arising from body injury or damage to property.

Professional Negligence Insurance

These policies give professional indemnity cover to accountants, solicitors, lawyers, from any loss or injury due to any negligence in the conduct of their professional duties.

Compulsory Insurance

The ESI Act makes it compulsory for the employers (covered under that Act) to insure their workmen by providing certain benefits to them in the event of their sickness, maternity and employment insurance. The employees insured are entitled to (a) Sickness benefit, (b) Maternity benefit, (c) Disablement Benefit, and (d) Dependent’s benefit.

Employer’s Liability Insurance

The liability of an employer under the modern labour laws has considerably extended and the employers are tempted to take out insurances against such liabilities. For examples, when the employees retire, substantial amount become immediately payable by way of gratuity, commuted pension, leave salary compensation, etc. and also the uncommuted pension becomes payable in future. Employers often take insurance policies which assure payment of such amounts, as and when these becomes payable.

Guarantee Insurance

The main types of policies included in guarantee insurance are a) insurance for performance of contract, policies, the guarantor/ underwriter insures the promisee or employer against the loss arising by non-performance by the promisor or the dishonesty of the employee.

Fidelity policies are the most common type of guarantee policies, taken under contracts of employment where the employee has an opportunity to be dishonest. Such policies cover the risk of losses arising by theft or embezzlement of money or securities, or by fraud, on the part of employees.

Motor Vehicle Insurance

A policy for motor vehicle insurance is, ordinarily, a combined insurance against the damage to the motor vehicle and its accessories, death of or injury to the, occupant of the vehicle and also against the risk of liability for injury to, or the death of, third parties caused by the driver’s negligence.

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