Risk control refers to techniques that reduce the frequency and severity of accidental losses. Risk control involves identifying the organization’s risk exposures, examining the various alternatives available to either eliminate those risks that can be eliminated or mitigate the effects of those that cannot be eliminated, selecting the best alternative or combination of alternatives to deal with each risk exposure, implementing the chosen techniques, and monitoring the process for the purpose of altering or improving the program based on the observed results. Risk financing is the method or methods by which an organization chooses to pay for those losses that result from the various risk exposures the organization faces. There are two ways in which the risk can be controlled.
The first is risk avoidance if a father is worried about his son’s motorcycle riding habits, he could ask his son to stop riding the motorcycle. This will ensure that the risk of an accident is avoided. This includes not performing an activity that could carry risk. An example would be not buying a property or business in order to not take on the legal liability that comes with it. Another would be not flying in order not to take the risk that the airplane is to be hijacked. Avoidance may seem the answer to all risks, but avoiding risks also means losing out on the potential gain that accepting (retaining) the risk may have allowed. Not entering a business to avoid the risk of loss also avoids the possibility of earning profits. Voluntarily choosing to no longer participate in the activity that creates or causes the loss. If you no longer provide the service or perform the function that created the loss exposure in the first place, you are no longer faced with the exposure. Examples of risk avoidance would include disbanding a SWAT team or canine unit, refusing to allow civilian ride-along in patrol cars, prohibiting misdemeanor pursuits, or a prohibition on the carrying of blackjacks or sap gloves
For law enforcement, risk avoidance is not always an option. There are some things we just have to do, but it is nonetheless a desirable technique where its implementation does not significantly interfere with the delivery of vital and necessary police services.
The second is risk reduction- if the motorcycle riding cannot be stopped completely, the father can ensure that his son wears a helmet and also has speed restrictions. This will reduce the risk of an accident. Risk reduction or optimization” involves reducing the severity of the loss or the likelihood of the loss from occurring. For example, sprinklers are designed to put out a fire to reduce the risk of loss by fire. This method may cause a greater loss by water damage and therefore may not be suitable. Halon fire suppression systems may mitigate that risk, but the cost may be prohibitive as a strategy. Reduction techniques can be implemented either before or after a particular loss occurs, in an attempt to reduce the amount of the loss or damages that may result. Sprinkler systems, fire extinguishers, soft body armor, and vehicle safety belts are examples of reduction measures. These activities are intended to minimize the potential severity of loss. They do not prevent the loss causing event from occurring.
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